Monthly Archives

August 2016

Adversity of Tooth Brush

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Teeth can be damaged by several factors including poor oral hygiene, but also by wrong oral hygiene. Especially for sensitive teeth dentine and gums damages can be prevented by several measures including a correct brushing technique.

It is beneficial not to scrub horizontally over the necks of teeth, pressing the brush not too hard against the teeth, not choosing a tooth paste that is too abrasive, and maintain a waiting time of 30 minutes minimum after consumption of acidic food or drinks before brushing.

Harder tooth brushes reduce plaque more efficiently but are more stressful to teeth and gum, using a medium to soft tooth brush for a longer cleaning time was rated to be the best compromise between cleaning result and gum and tooth health.

Tips and Tricks to Prevent Tartar

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The best way to prevent the serious effects of tartar is to prevent it from forming. Here’s how:

  • Brush regularly using the proper technique. A quick, 30-second brushing of your teeth morning and night is not enough to remove dental plaque and prevent tartar build-up. Use a brush with soft bristles that is small enough to reach all the areas in your mouth. Be sure to include the hard-to-reach surfaces behind your teeth and on your rear molars.

Studies have found that electronic, or powered, toothbrushes may be more effective than manual toothbrushes for plaque removal. Regardless of which type of toothbrush you use, be sure it has approval from a dental authority, as these models will have undergone rigorous quality control and safety tests.

Choose tartar-control toothpaste with fluoride. Toothpastes containing pyrophosphates can help prevent plaque from hardening into tartar. Additionally, the fluoride will help repair any damage to your enamel that may have already occurred. Some formulas also contain triclosan, an antibiotic that fights the bacteria in plaque.

  • Floss, floss, floss. No matter how diligent you are about brushing your teeth, only flossing daily can remove the plaque between your teeth and prevent tartar formation in these difficult-to-reach areas.
  • Watch your diet. The bacteria in your mouth thrive on sugary and starchy foods. When they are exposed to those foods, they release damaging acids. Try to eat a healthy diet and limit the amount of sugar-rich food you eat. Be aware that every time you eat you are also feeding the bacteria in your mouth. Drinking plenty of water during and after meals may also help minimise plaque build-up.
  • Don’t smoke. Studies show that people who smoke cigarettes or use other tobacco products are more likely to have dental calculus on their teeth and under their gums.

Once tartar has formed, it is important to realise only a dental professional will be able to remove it. Make sure you visit your dentist or hygienist regularly as advised by your dentist to remove any tartar that might have formed and prevent further complications.

Tooth Brush- Hygiene and Care

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  • It is not recommended to share tooth brush with others since besides general hygienic concerns there is a risk of transmitting diseases that are typically transmittable by blood, like Hepatitis C.
  • After use it is advisable to rinse the toothbrush with water, shake it off and let the toothbrush dry.
  • Bent and worn out bristles of a toothbrush lead to decreased cleaning efficiency. It is therefore recommended to change it for a new one when it appears to be worn out (roughly after 6–16 weeks).

Tooth Structure

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The tooth has two anatomical parts. The crown of a tooth is that part of the tooth which is covered with enamel and this is the part usually visible in the mouth.

The root is the part embedded in the jaw. It anchors the tooth in its bony socket and is normally not visible.

Enamel The hard outer layer of the crown. Enamel is the hardest substance in the body.

Dentine Not as hard as enamel, forms the bulk of the tooth and can be sensitive if the protection of the enamel is lost.

Pulp Soft tissue containing the blood and nerve supply to the tooth. The pulp extends from the crown to the tip of the root.

Cementum The layer of bone-like tissue covering the root. It is not as hard as enamel.

Structures around the tooth

Periodontal ligament: Made up of thousands of fibres which fasten the cementum to the bony socket. These fibres anchor the tooth to the jaw bone and act as shock absorbers for the tooth which is subjected to heavy forces during chewing.

Oral Mucosa: This is the term ussed to describe the moist tissue that lines the mouth.

Gingivae (gums): Soft tissue that immediately surrounds the teeth and bone. It protects the bone and the roots of the teeth and provides an easily lubricated surface.

Bone: Provides a socket to surround and support the roots of the teeth.

Nerves and blood supply: Each tooth and periodontal ligament has a nerve supply and the teeth are sensitive to a wide variety of stimuli. The blood supply is necessary to maintain the vitality of the tooth.